Image_3_Diagnosis of Invasive Meningioma Based on Brain-Tumor Interface Radiomics Features on Brain MR Images: A Multicenter Study.tif
Meningioma invasion can be preoperatively recognized by radiomics features, which significantly contributes to treatment decision-making. Here, we aimed to evaluate the comparative performance of radiomics signatures derived from varying regions of interests (ROIs) in predicting BI and ascertaining the optimal width of the peritumoral regions needed for accurate analysis.Methods
Five hundred and five patients from Wuhan Union Hospital (internal cohort) and 214 cases from Taihe Hospital (external validation cohort) pathologically diagnosed as meningioma were included in our study. Feature selection was performed from 1,015 radiomics features respectively obtained from nine different ROIs (brain-tumor interface (BTI)2–5mm; whole tumor; the amalgamation of the two regions) on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging using least-absolute shrinkage and selection operator and random forest. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation was employed for feature reduction. Receiver operator curve was utilized for assessing discrimination of the classifier. Furthermore, clinical index was used to detect the predictive power.Results
Model obtained from BTI4mm ROI has the maximum AUC in the training set (0.891 (0.85, 0.932)), internal validation set (0.851 (0.743, 0.96)), and external validation set (0.881 (0.833, 0.928)) and displayed statistically significant results between nine radiomics models. The most predictive radiomics features are almost entirely generated from GLCM and GLDM statistics. The addition of PEV to radiomics features (BTI4mm) enhanced model discrimination of invasive meningiomas.Conclusions
The combined model (radiomics classifier with BTI4mm ROI + PEV) had greater diagnostic performance than other models and its clinical application may positively contribute to the management of meningioma patients.