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posted on 20.10.2021, 04:39 authored by Jinhui Liu, Yichun Wang, Shuning Yuan, Junting Wei, Jianling Bai
Background

Ovarian cancer (OC) is an immunogenetic disease that contains tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), and immunotherapy has become a novel treatment for OC. With the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS), profiles of gene expression and comprehensive landscape of immune cells can be applied to predict clinical outcome and response to immunotherapy.

Methods

We obtained data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases and applied two computational algorithms (CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE) for consensus clustering of immune cells. Patients were divided into two subtypes using immune cell infiltration (ICI) levels. Then, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with immune cell infiltration (ICI) level were identified. We also constructed ICI score after principle-component analysis (PCA) for dimension reduction.

Results

Patients in ICI cluster B had better survival than those in ICI cluster A. After construction of ICI score, we found that high ICI score had better clinical OS and significantly higher tumor mutation burden (TMB). According to the expression of immune checkpoints, the results showed that patients in high ICI group showed high expression of CTLA4, PD1, PD-L1, and PD-L2, which implies that they might benefit from immunotherapy. Besides, patients in high ICI group showed higher sensitivity to two first-line chemotherapy drugs (Paclitaxel and Cisplatin).

Conclusion

ICI score is an effective prognosis-related biomarker for OC and can provide valuable information on the potential response to immunotherapy.

History

References