Image_3_Ablation of Survivin in T Cells Attenuates Acute Allograft Rejection after Murine Heterotopic Heart Transplantation by Inducing Apoptosis.tif (532.41 kB)
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Image_3_Ablation of Survivin in T Cells Attenuates Acute Allograft Rejection after Murine Heterotopic Heart Transplantation by Inducing Apoptosis.tif

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posted on 06.08.2021, 04:04 by Heng Xu, Jizhang Yu, Jikai Cui, Zhang Chen, Xi Zhang, Yanqiang Zou, Yifan Du, Yuan Li, Sheng Le, Lang Jiang, Jiahong Xia, Jie Wu

Although studies in oncology have well explored the pharmacological effects of Birc5, little is known about its role in allogeneic T-cell responses. Therefore, the present study used a mouse model of acute heart allograft rejection to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of conditional knockout of Birc5 in T cells. Survivin (encoded by Birc5) was up-regulated in T cells activated in vivo and in vitro. Deletion of Birc5 in T cells attenuated acute heart allograft rejection by reducing the ratio of effector to naive T cells and Th1 to Tregs. In addition, deletion of Birc5 had no noticeable effect on proliferation but on apoptosis and the secretion of IFN-γ. The results revealed a significant increase in the percentage of Annexin V positive CD4+ T cells in the Birc5-/- group, compared to the WT. Moreover, there was significant increase in early apoptotic alloreactive T cells in Birc5-/- mice and this was partly mediated by caspase-3. Furthermore, treatment with YM155 inhibited acute heart allograft rejection in vivo and increased T-cell apoptosis in healthy human PBMCs in vitro. The results highlight a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of acute transplant rejection.

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