Image_3_A Novel Type-I Interferon Family, Bovine Interferon-Chi, Is Involved in Positive-Feedback Regulation of Interferon Production.tif (1.27 MB)

Image_3_A Novel Type-I Interferon Family, Bovine Interferon-Chi, Is Involved in Positive-Feedback Regulation of Interferon Production.tif

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posted on 30.10.2020, 05:59 by Yongli Guo, Zhifeng Song, Chenfeng Li, Yueyang Yu, Haiyue Dai, Xiuxin Luo, Yujiao Wang, Junwei Wang, Mingchun Gao

Interferon-chi (IFN-χ) is a type of function-unknown IFN. IFN-χ in bovines (BoIFN-χ) has evolved as a multigene family. This family comprises four IFN-χ subtypes, two of which are functional genes, which we demonstrated to (i) have antiviral and antiproliferative activities, (ii) be highly sensitive to trypsin, and (iii) remain stable with changes in pH and temperature. BoIFN-χ is a key intermediate in antiviral response, PAbs against BoIFN-χs could downregulate the transcriptional activation of ISGs induced by poly(I:C), and BoIFN-χs could be induced upon virus infection at the early and late phase. Additionally, BoIFN-χs bind with type-I IFN receptors, induce transcription of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), and type-I IFNs as well as myxovirus resistance protein 1 (Mx1) expression. Expression of ISGs and activation of IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) induced with BoIFN-χs could be downregulated significantly by the Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) 1 inhibitor. The promoters of BoIFN-β, nuclear factor-kappa B, and ISRE could be activated with BoIFN-χs, and the BoIFN-χ promoter could be activated by other type-I IFNs. Overall, BoIFN-χ could be induced with virus infection and signal through the JAK-STAT pathway to form a positive-feedback regulation of IFN production. These findings may facilitate further research on the role of IFN-χ in innate immune responses.

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