Image_3_6-Phosphogluconolactonase Promotes Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis by Activating Pentose Phosphate Pathway.TIF (2.48 MB)
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posted on 26.10.2021, 04:43 authored by Changzheng Li, Jie Chen, Yishan Li, Binghuo Wu, Zhitao Ye, Xiaobin Tian, Yan Wei, Zechen Hao, Yuan Pan, Hongli Zhou, Keyue Yang, Zhiqiang Fu, Jingbo Xu, Yanan Lu

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a poor prognosis due to the rapid disease progression and early metastasis. The metabolism program determines the proliferation and metastasis of HCC; however, the metabolic approach to treat HCC remains uncovered. Here, by analyzing the liver cell single-cell sequencing data from HCC patients and healthy individuals, we found that 6-phosphogluconolactonase (PGLS), a cytosolic enzyme in the oxidative phase of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), expressing cells are associated with undifferentiated HCC subtypes. The Cancer Genome Atlas database showed that high PGLS expression was correlated with the poor prognosis in HCC patients. Knockdown or pharmaceutical inhibition of PGLS impaired the proliferation, migration, and invasion capacities of HCC cell lines, Hep3b and Huh7. Mechanistically, PGLS inhibition repressed the PPP, resulting in increased reactive oxygen species level that decreased proliferation and metastasis and increased apoptosis in HCC cells. Overall, our study showed that PGLS is a potential therapeutic target for HCC treatment through impacting the metabolic program in HCC cells.

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