Image_2_The Soil Nutrient Environment Determines the Strategy by Which Bacillus velezensis HN03 Suppresses Fusarium wilt in Banana Plants.TIF (508.03 kB)

Image_2_The Soil Nutrient Environment Determines the Strategy by Which Bacillus velezensis HN03 Suppresses Fusarium wilt in Banana Plants.TIF

Download (508.03 kB)
figure
posted on 16.11.2020, 04:59 by Xiaoyan Wu, Ying Shan, Yi Li, Qinfen Li, Chunyuan Wu

Biological control agents (BCAs) are considered as one of the most important strategies for controlling Fusarium wilt, and bioorganic fertilizer, in particular, has been extensively investigated. However, little is known regarding how a biocontrol microorganism affects the suppression mechanisms when combined with different amendments. In this study, a pot experiment was performed using banana plants to investigate the different mechanisms by which the biocontrol bacterium Bacillus velezensis HN03 (isolated from our laboratory) and amendments suppress Fusarium wilt. The incidence of banana wilt was decreased under HN03 and was reduced further when HN03 was combined with compost, particularly wormcast. In the suppression of Fusarium wilt, HN03 was found to influence the soil environment in various ways. HN03 increased the peroxidase level, which improves plant defense, and was highest when combined with wormcast, being 69 times higher than when combined with cow dung compost. The high accumulation of Mg and P in the “HN03 + wormcast” and Zn and Mn in the “HN03 + cow dung” treatments was negatively correlated with disease incidence. Furthermore, HN03 re-established the microbial community destroyed by the pathogen and further increased the level of suppression in the wormcast. HN03 also enhanced the functional traits of the soil, including defensive mechanism-related traits, and these traits were further enhanced by the combination of HN03 + wormcast.

History

References

Licence

Exports