Image_2_Soluble CD137 Ameliorates Acute Type 1 Diabetes by Inducing T Cell Anergy.TIF (486.75 kB)

Image_2_Soluble CD137 Ameliorates Acute Type 1 Diabetes by Inducing T Cell Anergy.TIF

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posted on 07.11.2019, 04:09 by Arata Itoh, Lorenzo Ortiz, Kritika Kachapati, Yuehong Wu, David Adams, Kyle Bednar, Shibabrata Mukherjee, Claire Chougnet, Robert S. Mittler, Yi-Guang Chen, Laurence Dolan, William M. Ridgway

We show here that soluble CD137 (sCD137), the alternately spliced gene product of Tnfsfr9, effectively treats acute type 1 diabetes (T1D) in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. sCD137 significantly delayed development of end-stage disease, preserved insulin+ islet beta cells, and prevented progression to end-stage T1D in some mice. We demonstrate that sCD137 induces CD4+ T cell anergy, suppressing antigen-specific T cell proliferation and IL-2/IFN-γ secretion. Exogenous IL-2 reversed the sCD137 anergy effect. sCD137 greatly reduces inflammatory cytokine production by CD8 effector memory T cells, critical mediators of beta cell damage. We demonstrate that human T1D patients have decreased serum sCD137 compared to age-matched controls (as do NOD mice compared to NOD congenic mice expressing a protective Tnfsfr9 allele), that human sCD137 is secreted by regulatory T cells (Tregs; as in mice), and that human sCD137 induces T cell suppression in human T cells. These findings provide a rationale for further investigation of sCD137 as a treatment for T1D and other T cell–mediated autoimmune diseases.

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