Image_2_Red Blood Cell Homeostasis and Altered Vesicle Formation in Patients With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria.tif
A subset of the red blood cells (RBCs) of patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) lacks GPI-anchored proteins. Some of these proteins, such as CD59, inhibit complement activation and protect against complement-mediated lysis. This pathology thus provides the possibility to explore the involvement of complement in red blood cell homeostasis and the role of GPI-anchored proteins in the generation of microvesicles (MVs) in vivo. Detailed analysis of morphology, volume, and density of red blood cells with various CD59 expression levels from patients with PNH did not provide indications for a major aberration of the red blood cell aging process in patients with PNH. However, our data indicate that the absence of GPI-anchored membrane proteins affects the composition of red blood cell-derived microvesicles, as well as the composition and concentration of platelet-derived vesicles. These data open the way toward a better understanding on the pathophysiological mechanism of PNH and thereby to the development of new treatment strategies.