Image_2_Perillaldehyde Inhibition of cGAS Reduces dsDNA-Induced Interferon Response.tif (2.44 MB)
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posted on 22.04.2021, 05:12 by Lei Chu, Chenhui Li, Yongxing Li, Qiuya Yu, Huansha Yu, Chunhui Li, Wei Meng, Juanjuan Zhu, Quanyi Wang, Chen Wang, Shufang Cui

Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), serving as a primary sensor of intracellular DNA, is essential to initiate anti-microbial innate immunity. Inappropriate activation of cGAS by self-DNA promotes severe autoinflammatory diseases such as Aicardi–Goutières syndrome (AGS); thus, inhibition of cGAS may provide therapeutic benefit in anti-autoimmunity. Here we report that perillaldehyde (PAH), a natural monoterpenoid compound derived from Perilla frutescens, suppresses cytosolic-DNA-induced innate immune responses by inhibiting cGAS activity. Mice treated with PAH are more susceptible to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection. Moreover, administration with PAH markedly ameliorates self-DNA-induced autoinflammatory responses in a mouse model of AGS. Collectively, our study reveals that PAH can effectively inhibit cGAS-STING signaling and could be developed toward the treatment of cGAS-mediated autoimmune diseases.

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