Image_2_PATZ1 (MAZR) Co-occupies Genomic Sites With p53 and Inhibits Liver Cancer Cell Proliferation via Regulating p27.TIF (1.52 MB)
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Image_2_PATZ1 (MAZR) Co-occupies Genomic Sites With p53 and Inhibits Liver Cancer Cell Proliferation via Regulating p27.TIF

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posted on 01.02.2021, 05:07 authored by Zhen Long Ng, Jiamin Siew, Jia Li, Guanxu Ji, Min Huang, Xiaohua Liao, Sue Yu, Yuanyuan Chew, Chin Wen Png, Yongliang Zhang, Shijun Wen, Henry Yang, Yiting Zhou, Yun Chau Long, Zhi Hong Jiang, Qiang Wu

Liver cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death in the world. POZ/BTB and AT-hook-containing zinc finger protein 1 (PATZ1/MAZR) is a transcription factor associated with various cancers. However, the role of PATZ1 in cancer progression remains controversial largely due to lack of genome-wide studies. Here we report that PATZ1 regulates cell proliferation by directly regulating CDKN1B (p27) in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Our PATZ1 ChIP-seq and gene expression microarray analyses revealed that PATZ1 is strongly related to cancer signatures and cellular proliferation. We further discovered that PATZ1 depletion led to an increased rate of colony formation, elevated Ki-67 expression and greater S phase entry. Importantly, the increased cancer cell proliferation was accompanied with suppressed expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor CDKN1B. Consistently, we found that PATZ1 binds to the genomic loci flanking the transcriptional start site of CDKN1B and positively regulates its transcription. Notably, we demonstrated that PATZ1 is a p53 partner and p53 is essential for CDKN1B regulation. In conclusion, our study provides novel mechanistic insights into the inhibitory role of PATZ1 in liver cancer progression, thereby yielding a promising therapeutic intervention to alleviate tumor burden.

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