Image_2_Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Based Metabolomic Analysis of the Anticancer Effect of Metformin Treatment on Cholangiocarcinoma Cells.tif (1014.84 kB)

Image_2_Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Based Metabolomic Analysis of the Anticancer Effect of Metformin Treatment on Cholangiocarcinoma Cells.tif

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posted on 30.11.2020, 15:40 by Jin Zhang, Caihua Hang, Ting Jiang, Shenghui Yi, Wei Shao, Wengang Li, Donghai Lin

Metformin is a widely prescribed anti-diabetes drug with potential utilities for cancer therapies. Several studies have related metformin to the reduced risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), highlighting its potentialities for the treatments of CCA. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we demonstrated that metformin treatment could inhibit proliferations of the human CCA cell lines Mz-ChA-1 and QBC939 in dose-dependent manners. The NMR-based metabonomic analyses showed distinct discriminations between the metformin-treated (Met) and control (Ctrl) groups of both CCA cells. Characteristic metabolites were identified by a combination of multivariate statistical analysis of 1D 1H-NMR spectral data and the pair-wise t-test of metabolite levels. We then identified four significantly altered metabolic pathways based on the characteristic metabolites, including glucose metabolism, oxidative stress-related metabolism, energy metabolism, and amino acids metabolism. Comparing CCA cells with normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we found that metformin treatment profoundly promoted glycolysis and specifically increased the levels of BCAAs and UDP-GlcNAc, implying the occurrence of autophagy and cell cycle arrest in metformin-treated CAA cells. This work provides a mechanistic understanding of the anticancer effect of metformin treatment on CAA cells, and is beneficial to further developments of metformin as an anticancer drug.

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