Image_2_Non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome: Diagnostic value added.tif (4.03 MB)

Image_2_Non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome: Diagnostic value added.tif

Download (4.03 MB)
posted on 2022-10-26, 04:22 authored by Xiangjun Liu, Lei Zhu, Hongjiang Liu, Qingmeng Cai, Zelin Yun, Feng Sun, Yuan Jia, Jianping Guo, Chun Li

Non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) increase the diagnostic value for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and contribute to better recognition of seronegative APS (SNAPS). However, the clinical utility and the diagnostic value of non-criteria aPLs are inconsistent. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of 7 non-criteria aPLs in a large APS cohort.


Seven non-criteria aPLs, including anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies IgG/IgA/IgM, anti-phosphatidylethanolamine antibodies (aPE) IgG/IgA/IgM, anti-Annexin V antibodies (aAnnexinV) IgG/IgA/IgM, anti-phosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS) IgM, aPS IgG, antibodies directed against a mixture of phospholipids (APhL) IgG, and APhL IgM were tested among 175 patients with APS, 122 patients with other autoimmune diseases (as disease controls), and 50 healthy controls.


In the present study, the highest prevalence of non-criteria aPLs was seen in aAnnexinV (58.86%). APhL IgG and aPS IgM showed the highest specificity (95.35%) and aPS/PT showed the highest Youden index (0.3991) for the diagnostic value of APS. The aAnnexinV also showed the highest prevalence in SNAPS (43.3%), followed by APhL IgM (21.7%), aPE (16.7%) and aPS/PT (16.7%). APhL IgG, aPS/PT, and aPS IgG showed positive association with thrombotic events in APS patients [APhL IgG: odds ratio (OR) = 2.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-4.34, p = 0.013; aPS/PT: OR = 2.48, 95% CI: 1.32-4.69, p = 0.004; aPS IgG: OR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.01-3.60, p = 0.046; respectively). The inclusion of the non-criteria aPLs increased the accuracy of APS diagnosis from 65.7% to 87.4%.


Our data provide evidence that adding the non-criteria aPLs can improve the diagnostic accuracy in APS. APhL IgG, aPS/PT, and aPS IgG may be potential biomarkers to predict the risk of thrombosis in APS.