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posted on 16.12.2020, 04:58 by Zhou-Lin Wu, Shi-Yi Chen, Shenqiang Hu, Xianbo Jia, Jie Wang, Song-Jia Lai

Ketosis is a common metabolic disease in dairy cows during early lactation. However, information about the metabolomic and proteomic profiles associated with the incidence and progression of ketosis is still limited. In this study, an integrated metabolomics and proteomics approach was performed on blood serum sampled from cows diagnosed with clinical ketosis (case, ≥ 2.60 mmol/L plasma β-hydroxybutyrate; BHBA) and healthy controls (control, < 1.0 mmol/L BHBA). Samples were taken 2 weeks before parturition and 2 weeks after parturition from 19 animals (nine cases, 10 controls). All serum samples (n = 38) were subjected to Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) based metabolomic analysis, and 20 samples underwent Data-Independent Acquisition (DIA) LC-MS based proteomic analysis. A total of 97 metabolites and 540 proteins were successfully identified, and multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in both metabolomic and proteomic profiles between cases and controls. We investigated clinical ketosis-associated metabolomic and proteomic changes using statistical analyses. Correlation analysis of statistically significant metabolites and proteins showed 78 strong correlations (correlation coefficient, R ≥ 0.7) between 38 metabolites and 25 proteins, which were then mapped to pathways using IMPaLA. Results showed that ketosis altered a wide range of metabolic pathways, such as metabolism, metabolism of proteins, gene expression and post-translational protein modification, vitamin metabolism, signaling, and disease related pathways. Findings presented here are relevant for identifying molecular targets for ketosis and biomarkers for ketosis detection during the transition period.

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