Image_2_Interleukin-4 Receptor Alpha Expressing B Cells Are Essential to Down-Modulate Host Granulomatous Inflammation During Schistosomasis.TIFF (5.94 MB)
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Image_2_Interleukin-4 Receptor Alpha Expressing B Cells Are Essential to Down-Modulate Host Granulomatous Inflammation During Schistosomasis.TIFF

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posted on 18.12.2018, 04:53 by Hlumani Ndlovu, Justin Komguep Nono, Nada Abdel Aziz, Natalie Eva Nieuwenhuizen, Frank Brombacher

Schistosomiasis (bilharzia) is a parasitic helminth disease that can cause severe inflammatory pathology leading to organ damage in humans. Failure of the host to regulate egg-driven granulomatous inflammation causes host morbidity during chronic infection with Schistosoma mansoni. Although the importance of B cells in regulating pathology during chronic infection has been well defined, the specific contribution of IL-4Rα-expressing B cells is still unknown. To address this, we examined B cell-specific IL-4Rα-deficient (mb1creIL-4Rα−/lox) mice in three experimental models of schistosomiasis: high-dose (100 cercariae), low dose (30 cercariae), and a synchronous egg challenge. In the high dose model, we found that mice deficient in IL-4Rα-expressing B cells were more susceptible to acute schistosomiasis than B cell-deficient (μMT) mice, succumbing to infection at the acute stage whereas μMT mice survived until the chronic stage. An S. mansoni egg challenge model demonstrated that deleting IL-4Rα expression specifically on B cells resulted in increased lung granulomatous pathology, suggesting a role for this B cell subset in controlling granulomatous pathology. In agreement with this, a low dose model of schistosomiasis—which mimics the course of clinical chronic disease—demonstrated that depleting IL-4Rα-expressing B cells in mb1creIL-4Rα−/lox mice considerably impaired the host ability to down-modulate granulomatous inflammation in the liver and gut during chronic schistosomiasis. Taken together, our findings indicate that within the B cell compartment, IL-4Rα-expressing B cells in particular down-modulate the deleterious egg-driven tissue granulomatous inflammation to enable host survival during schistosomiasis in mice.

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