Image_2_Identification of a Four-Gene Metabolic Signature to Evaluate the Prognosis of Colon Adenocarcinoma Patients.TIF (5.37 MB)
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posted on 07.04.2022, 04:05 by Yang Zheng, Rilige Wu, Ximo Wang, Chengliang Yin
Background

Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a highly heterogeneous disease, thus making prognostic predictions uniquely challenging. Metabolic reprogramming is emerging as a novel cancer hallmark that may serve as the basis for more effective prognosis strategies.

Methods

The mRNA expression profiles and relevant clinical information of COAD patients were downloaded from public resources. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model was exploited to establish a prognostic model, which was performed to gain risk scores for multiple genes in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) COAD patients and validated in GSE39582 cohort. A forest plot and nomogram were constructed to visualize the data. The clinical nomogram was calibrated using a calibration curve coupled with decision curve analysis (DCA). The association between the model genes' expression and six types of infiltrating immunocytes was evaluated. Apoptosis, cell cycle assays and cell transfection experiments were performed.

Results

Univariate Cox regression analysis results indicated that ten differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were related with disease-free survival (DFS) (P-value< 0.01). A four-gene signature was developed to classify patients into high- and low-risk groups. And patients with high-risk exhibited obviously lower DFS in the training and validation cohorts (P < 0.05). The risk score was an independent parameter of the multivariate Cox regression analyses of DFS in the training cohort (HR > 1, P-value< 0.001). The same findings for overall survival (OS) were obtained GO enrichment analysis revealed several metabolic pathways with significant DEGs enrichment, G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle, CD8+ T-cells and B-cells may be significantly associated with COAD in DFS and OS. These findings demonstrate that si-FUT1 inhibited cell migration and facilitated apoptosis in COAD.

Conclusion

This research reveals that a novel metabolic gene signature could be used to evaluate the prognosis of COAD, and targeting metabolic pathways may serve as a therapeutic alternative.

History

References