Image_2_Identification of Shared Genes and Pathways in Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes by Bioinformatics Analysis.tif
It is well known that the presence of diabetes significantly affects the progression of periodontitis and that periodontitis has negative effects on diabetes and diabetes-related complications. Although this two-way relationship between type 2 diabetes and periodontitis could be understood through experimental and clinical studies, information on common genetic factors would be more useful for the understanding of both diseases and the development of treatment strategies.Materials and Methods
Gene expression data for periodontitis and type 2 diabetes were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. After preprocessing of data to reduce heterogeneity, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between disease and normal tissue were identified using a linear regression model package. Gene ontology and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genome pathway enrichment analyses were conducted using R package ‘vsn’. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the search tool for the retrieval of the interacting genes database. We used molecular complex detection for optimal module selection. CytoHubba was used to identify the highest linkage hub gene in the network.Results
We identified 152 commonly DEGs, including 125 upregulated and 27 downregulated genes. Through common DEGs, we constructed a protein-protein interaction and identified highly connected hub genes. The hub genes were up-regulated in both diseases and were most significantly enriched in the Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis pathway.Discussion
We have identified three up-regulated genes involved in Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis, and these genes could be potential therapeutic targets in patients with periodontitis and type 2 diabetes.