Image_2_Feature Selection for Breast Cancer Classification by Integrating Somatic Mutation and Gene Expression.JPEG (321.69 kB)
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posted on 26.02.2021, 05:52 by Qin Jiang, Min Jin

Exploring the molecular mechanisms of breast cancer is essential for the early prediction, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer patients. The large scale of data obtained from the high-throughput sequencing technology makes it difficult to identify the driver mutations and a minimal optimal set of genes that are critical to the classification of cancer. In this study, we propose a novel method without any prior information to identify mutated genes associated with breast cancer. For the somatic mutation data, it is processed to a mutated matrix, from which the mutation frequency of each gene can be obtained. By setting a reasonable threshold for the mutation frequency, a mutated gene set is filtered from the mutated matrix. For the gene expression data, it is used to generate the gene expression matrix, while the mutated gene set is mapped onto the matrix to construct a co-expression profile. In the stage of feature selection, we propose a staged feature selection algorithm, using fold change, false discovery rate to select differentially expressed genes, mutual information to remove the irrelevant and redundant features, and the embedded method based on gradient boosting decision tree with Bayesian optimization to obtain an optimal model. In the stage of evaluation, we propose a weighted metric to modify the traditional accuracy to solve the sample imbalance problem. We apply the proposed method to The Cancer Genome Atlas breast cancer data and identify a mutated gene set, among which the implicated genes are oncogenes or tumor suppressors previously reported to be associated with carcinogenesis. As a comparison with the integrative network, we also perform the optimal model on the individual gene expression and the gold standard PMA50. The results show that the integrative network outperforms the gene expression and PMA50 in the average of most metrics, which indicate the effectiveness of our proposed method by integrating multiple data sources, and can discover the associated mutated genes in breast cancer.

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