Image_2_Differential Expression Analysis Revealing CLCA1 to Be a Prognostic and Diagnostic Biomarker for Colorectal Cancer.tif
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract and lacks specific diagnostic markers. In this study, we utilized 10 public datasets from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (NCBI-GEO) database to identify a set of significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between tumor and control samples and WGCNA (Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis) to construct gene co-expression networks incorporating the DEGs from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and then identify genes shared between the GEO datasets and key modules. Then, these genes were screened via MCC to identify 20 hub genes. We utilized regression analyses to develop a prognostic model and utilized the random forest method to validate. All hub genes had good diagnostic value for CRC, but only CLCA1 was related to prognosis. Thus, we explored the potential biological value of CLCA1. The results of gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and immune infiltration analysis showed that CLCA1 was closely related to tumor metabolism and immune invasion of CRC. These analysis results revealed that CLCA1 may be a candidate diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for CRC.
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