Image_2_Deep Insight Into Long Non-coding RNA and mRNA Transcriptome Profiling in HepG2 Cells Expressing Genotype IV Swine Hepatitis E Virus ORF3.JPEG (332.11 kB)
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Image_2_Deep Insight Into Long Non-coding RNA and mRNA Transcriptome Profiling in HepG2 Cells Expressing Genotype IV Swine Hepatitis E Virus ORF3.JPEG

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posted on 29.04.2021, 04:09 by Hanwei Jiao, Xuehong Shuai, Yichen Luo, Zhixiong Zhou, Yu Zhao, Bowen Li, Guojing Gu, Wenjie Li, Mengjuan Li, Hui Zeng, Xiaoyi Guo, Yu Xiao, Zhenhui Song, Ling Gan, Qingzhou Huang

Swine hepatitis E (swine HE) is a new type of zoonotic infectious disease caused by the swine hepatitis E virus (swine HEV). Open reading frame 3 (ORF3) is an important virulent protein of swine HEV, but its function still is mainly unclear. In this study, we generated adenoviruses ADV4-ORF3 and ADV4 negative control (ADV4-NC), which successfully mediated overexpression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-ORF3 and EGFP, respectively, in HepG2 cells. High-throughput sequencing was used to screen for differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs). The cis-target genes of lncRNAs were predicted, functional enrichment (Gene Ontology [GO] and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes [KEGG]) was performed, and 12 lncRNAs with statistically significant different expressions (p ≤ 0.05 and q ≤ 1) were selected for further quantitative real-time reverse transcription (qRT-PCR) validation. In HepG2 cells, we identified 62 significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (6,564 transcripts) and 319 lncRNAs (124 known lncRNAs and 195 novel lncRNAs) that were affected by ORF3, which were involved in systemic lupus erythematosus, Staphylococcus aureus infection, signaling pathways pluripotency regulation of stem cells, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, and platinum drug resistance pathways. Cis-target gene prediction identified 45 lncRNAs corresponding to candidate mRNAs, among which eight were validated by qRT-PCR: LINC02476 (two transcripts), RAP2C-AS1, AC016526, AL139099, and ZNF337-AS1 (3 transcripts). Our results revealed that the lncRNA profile in host cells affected by ORF3, swine HEV ORF3, might affect the pentose and glucuronate interconversions and mediate the formation of obstructive jaundice by influencing bile secretion, which will help to determine the function of ORF3 and the infection mechanism and treatment of swine HE.

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