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posted on 06.09.2021, 04:43 authored by Didi Yuan, Zehong Wei, Yicheng Wang, Fang Cheng, Yujie Zeng, Li Yang, Shangyu Zhang, Jianbo Li, Renkuan Tang
Background

Epigenetic changes of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have been reported to be a relevant factor in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for DNA methylation patterns in the tumor immune-infiltrating microenvironment and in cancer immunotherapy remain unclear.

Methods

We conducted a global analysis of the DNA methylation modification pattern (DMP) and immune cell-infiltrating characteristics of LUAD patients based on 21 DNA methylation regulators. A DNA methylation score (DMS) system was constructed to quantify the DMP model in each patient and estimate their potential benefit from immunotherapy.

Results

Two DNA methylation modification patterns able to distinctly characterize the immune microenvironment characterization were identified among 513 LUAD samples. A lower DMS, characterized by increased CTLA-4/PD-1/L1 gene expression, greater methylation modifications, and tumor mutation burden, characterized a noninflamed phenotype with worse survival. A higher DMS, characterized by decreased methylation modification, a greater stromal-relevant response, and immune hyperactivation, characterized an inflamed phenotype with better prognosis. Moreover, a lower DMS indicated an increased mutation load and exhibited a poor immunotherapeutic response in the anti-CTLA-4/PD-1/PD-L1 cohort.

Conclusion

Evaluating the DNA methylation modification pattern of LUAD patients could enhance our understanding of the features of tumor microenvironment characterization and may promote more favorable immunotherapy strategies.

History

References