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Image_2_Clinical Significance and Immunometabolism Landscapes of a Novel Recurrence-Associated Lipid Metabolism Signature In Early-Stage Lung Adenocar.tif (11.34 MB)

Image_2_Clinical Significance and Immunometabolism Landscapes of a Novel Recurrence-Associated Lipid Metabolism Signature In Early-Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma: A Comprehensive Analysis.tif

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posted on 2022-02-10, 05:33 authored by Mingchuang Zhu, Qingpeng Zeng, Tao Fan, Yuanyuan Lei, Feng Wang, Sufei Zheng, Xinfeng Wang, Hui Zeng, Fengwei Tan, Nan Sun, Qi Xue, Jie He

The early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) incidence has increased with heightened public awareness and lung cancer screening implementation. Lipid metabolism abnormalities are associated with lung cancer initiation and progression. However, the comprehensive features and clinical significance of the immunometabolism landscape and lipid metabolism-related genes (LMRGs) in cancer recurrence for early-stage LUAD remain obscure.


LMRGs were extracted from Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases. Samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used as training cohort, and samples from four Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets were used as validation cohorts. The LUAD recurrence-associated LMRG molecular pattern and signature was constructed through unsupervised consensus clustering, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC), and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analyses. Kaplan-Meier, ROC, and multivariate Cox regression analyses and prognostic meta-analysis were used to test the suitability and stability of the signature. We used Gene Ontology (GO), KEGG pathway, immune cell infiltration, chemotherapy response analyses, gene set variation analysis (GSVA), and GSEA to explore molecular mechanisms and immune landscapes related to the signature and the potential of the signature to predict immunotherapy or chemotherapy response.


First, two LMRG molecular patterns were established, which showed diverse prognoses and immune infiltration statuses. Then, a 12-gene signature was identified, and a risk model was built. The signature remained an independent prognostic parameter in multivariate Cox regression and prognostic meta-analysis. In addition, this signature stratified patients into high- and low-risk groups with significantly different recurrence rates and was well validated in different clinical subgroups and several independent validation cohorts. The results of GO and KEGG analyses and GSEA showed that there were differences in multiple lipid metabolism, immune response, and drug metabolism pathways between the high- and low-risk groups. Further analyses revealed that the signature-based risk model was related to distinct immune cell proportions, immune checkpoint parameters, and immunotherapy and chemotherapy response, consistent with the GO, KEGG, and GSEA results.


This is the first lipid metabolism-based signature for predicting recurrence, and it could provide vital guidance to achieve optimized antitumor for immunotherapy or chemotherapy for early-stage LUAD.