Image_2_Association Mapping of Seed Quality Traits Under Varying Conditions of Nitrogen Application in Brassica juncea L. Czern & Coss.TIF (1.94 MB)

Image_2_Association Mapping of Seed Quality Traits Under Varying Conditions of Nitrogen Application in Brassica juncea L. Czern & Coss.TIF

Download (1.94 MB)
figure
posted on 01.09.2020, 04:11 by Javed Akhatar, Mohini Prabha Singh, Anju Sharma, Harjeevan Kaur, Navneet Kaur, Sanjula Sharma, Baudh Bharti, V. K. Sardana, Surinder S. Banga

Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) is a major source of vegetable oil in the Indian subcontinent. The seed cake left after the oil extraction is used as livestock feed. We examined the genetic architecture of oil, protein, and glucosinolates by conducting a genome-wide association study (GWAS), using an association panel comprising 92 diverse genotypes. We conducted trait phenotyping over 2 years at two levels of nitrogen (N) application. Genotyping by sequencing was used to identify 66,835 loci, covering 18 chromosomes. Genetic diversity and phenotypic variations were high for the studied traits. Trait performances were stable when averaged over years and N levels. However, individual performances differed. General and mixed linear models were used to estimate the association between the SNP markers and the seed quality traits. Population structure, principal components (PCs) analysis, and discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPCs) were included as covariates to overcome the bias due to the population stratification. We identified 16, 23, and 27 loci associated with oil, protein, and glucosinolates, respectively. We also established LD patterns and haplotype structures for the candidate genes. The average block sizes were larger on A-genome chromosomes as compared to the B- genome chromosomes. Genetic associations differed over N levels. However, meta-analysis of GWAS datasets not only improved the power to recognize associations but also helped to identify common SNPs for oil and protein contents. Annotation of the genomic region around the identified SNPs led to the prediction of 21 orthologs of the functional candidate genes related to the biosynthesis of oil, protein, and glucosinolates. Notable among these are: LACS5 (A09), FAD6 (B05), ASN1 (A06), GTR2 (A06), CYP81G1 (B06), and MYB44 (B06). The identified loci will be very useful for marker-aided breeding for seed quality modifications in B. juncea.

History

References

Licence

Exports