Image_2_Activation of TRPV1 Contributes to Recurrent Febrile Seizures via Inhibiting the Microglial M2 Phenotype in the Immature Brain.TIF (8.9 MB)

Image_2_Activation of TRPV1 Contributes to Recurrent Febrile Seizures via Inhibiting the Microglial M2 Phenotype in the Immature Brain.TIF

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posted on 11.10.2019, 14:08 by Weilin Kong, Xin Wang, Xingliang Yang, Wenxian Huang, Song Han, Jun Yin, Wanhong Liu, Xiaohua He, Biwen Peng

Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel implicated in the nervous system as a key component of several inflammatory diseases. A massive amount of evidence has demonstrated that TRPV1 is extensively expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and there might be a close relationship between TRPV1 and neuroinflammation, which is a crucial pathogenic factor in seizure generation, although it’s signaling mechanism has been less well characterized. Herein, we identified that TRPV1 is functionally expressed in the primary cultured mouse microglia and the membrane expression of TRPV1 is upregulated in rFS mice brain and specifically in activated microglia. Stimulation of TRPV1 promoted microglia activation and indirectly enhanced seizure susceptibility by inhibiting the neuroprotective effects of microglial transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) via interaction with Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in mice. Conversely, genetic deletion of TRPV1 alleviated hyperthermia or LPS-induced abnormal microglial activation and restored a balanced inflammatory microenvironment in the brain. Taken together, these findings show that microglial TRPV1, as a potential pro-inflammatory mediator, and participate in neuroinflammatory response, which will provide a novel therapeutic strategy for controlling the neuroinflammation-induced seizure.

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