Image_2_A Pan-Cancer Analysis of Predictive Methylation Signatures of Response to Cancer Immunotherapy.tiff (361.35 kB)
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Image_2_A Pan-Cancer Analysis of Predictive Methylation Signatures of Response to Cancer Immunotherapy.tiff

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posted on 09.12.2021, 04:13 authored by Bingxiang Xu, Mingjie Lu, Linlin Yan, Minghui Ge, Yong Ren, Ru Wang, Yongqian Shu, Lin Hou, Hao Guo

Recently, tumor immunotherapy based on immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) has been introduced and widely adopted for various tumor types. Nevertheless, tumor immunotherapy has a few drawbacks, including significant uncertainty of outcome, the possibility of severe immune-related adverse events for patients receiving such treatments, and the lack of effective biomarkers to determine the ICI treatments’ responsiveness. DNA methylation profiles were recently identified as an indicator of the tumor immune microenvironment. They serve as a potential hot spot for predicting responses to ICI treatment for their stability and convenience of measurement by liquid biopsy. We demonstrated the possibility of DNA methylation profiles as a predictor for responses to the ICI treatments at the pan-cancer level by analyzing DNA methylation profiles considered responsive and non-responsive to the treatments. An SVM model was built based on this differential analysis in the pan-cancer levels. The performance of the model was then assessed both at the pan-cancer level and in specific tumor types. It was also compared to the existing gene expression profile-based method. DNA methylation profiles were shown to be predictable for the responses to the ICI treatments in the TCGA cases in pan-cancer levels. The proposed SVM model was shown to have high performance in pan-cancer and specific cancer types. This performance was comparable to that of gene expression profile-based one. The combination of the two models had even higher performance, indicating the potential complementarity of the DNA methylation and gene expression profiles in the prediction of ICI treatment responses.

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