Image_1_Upregulation of CCT-3 Induces Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation Through miR-223 Competition and Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway Activation.TIF
The clinical significance and the function of chaperonin-containing TCP1 complex 3 (CCT-3) in breast cancer remain unknown. In this study, we found that CCT-3 was markedly overexpressed in breast cancer tissues. Statistical analysis revealed a significant correlation of CCT-3 expression with advanced breast cancer clinical stage and poorer survival. Ablation of CCT-3 knocked down the proliferation and the tumorigenicity of breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. CCT-3 may regulate breast cancer cell proliferation through a ceRNA network between miR-223 and β-catenin, thus affecting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activation. We also validated that CCT-3 and β-catenin are novel direct targets of tumor suppressor miR-223. Our results suggest that both mRNA and the protein levels of CCT-3 are potential diagnosis biomarkers and therapeutic targets for breast cancer.