Image_1_Uncovering the Cyclic AMP Signaling Pathway of the Protozoan Parasite Entamoeba histolytica and Understanding Its Role in Phagocytosis.TIFF (74.09 kB)

Image_1_Uncovering the Cyclic AMP Signaling Pathway of the Protozoan Parasite Entamoeba histolytica and Understanding Its Role in Phagocytosis.TIFF

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posted on 25.09.2020, 04:45 by Shalini Agarwal, Pragyan Parimita Rath, Gaurav Anand, Samudrala Gourinath

Second messenger signaling controls a surprisingly diverse range of processes in several eukaryotic pathogens. Molecular machinery and pathways involving these messengers thus hold tremendous opportunities for therapeutic interventions. Relative to Ca2+ signaling, the knowledge of a crucial second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP) and its signaling pathway is very scant in the intestinal parasite Entamoeba histolytica. In the current study, mining the available genomic resources, we have for the first time identified the cAMP signal transduction pathway of E. histolytica. Three heptahelical proteins with variable G-protein-coupled receptor domains, heterotrimeric G-proteins (Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits), soluble adenylyl cyclase, cyclase-associated protein, and enzyme carbonic anhydrase were identified in its genome. We could also identify several putative candidate genes for cAMP downstream effectors such as protein kinase A, A-kinase anchoring proteins, and exchange protein directly activated by the cAMP pathway. Using specific inhibitors against key identified targets, we could observe changes in the intracellular cAMP levels as well as defect in the rate of phagocytosis of red blood cells by the parasite E. histolytica. We thus strongly believe that characterization of some of these unexplored crucial signaling determinants will provide a paradigm shift in understanding the pathogenicity of this organism.

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