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Image_1_The Role of CD4+CD8+ T Cells in HIV Infection With Tuberculosis.JPEG (163.74 kB)

Image_1_The Role of CD4+CD8+ T Cells in HIV Infection With Tuberculosis.JPEG

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posted on 2022-05-31, 12:35 authored by Shi Zou, Yuting Tan, Yanni Xiang, Yang Liu, Qi Zhu, Songjie Wu, Wei Guo, Mingqi Luo, Ling Shen, Ke Liang
Background

Tuberculosis (TB) is an important opportunistic infection in acquired immunodeficiency diseases (AIDS). Although the frequency of CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) T cells has been observed to increase in pathological conditions, their role (phenotypic and functional) is poorly described, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with TB (HIV/TB (HT) coinfection).

Methods

The percentage and phenotypic and functional properties of peripheral blood DP T cells in patients with HT coinfection in comparison to uninfected controls and to patients with HIV or TB mono-infection were analyzed by direct intracellular cytokine staining (ICS).

Results

Total and CD4lowCD8high DP T cells were significantly increased in patients with both HIV and TB mono-infection, especially in patients with HT coinfection. Compared with healthy controls (HCs), the percentage of DP T cells expressing chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) in patients with HT coinfection was significantly higher. Compared with HCs and patients with TB, a lower percentage of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) secreting DP T cells and a higher percentage of granzyme A-secreting DP T cells were observed in patients with HIV mono-infection and HT coinfection, respectively. In addition, DP T cells expressed more cytolytic markers (granzyme A and perforin) than CD4+ T cells, but similarly to CD8+ T cells in patients with HT coinfection.

Conclusions

Our data suggested that HT coinfection resulted in a marked increase in DP T cells, especially the CD4lowCD8high subpopulation. DP T cells may be susceptible to HT coinfection, and have the same cytotoxic function as CD8+ T cells.

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