Image_1_The Chemical Structure Properties and Promoting Biofilm Activity of Exopolysaccharide Produced by Shigella flexneri.TIF (865.48 kB)
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Image_1_The Chemical Structure Properties and Promoting Biofilm Activity of Exopolysaccharide Produced by Shigella flexneri.TIF

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posted on 04.02.2022, 04:50 by Yinglong Song, Fenglian Ma, Mengying Sun, Guangqing Mu, Yanfeng Tuo

Shigella flexneri is a waterborne and foodborne pathogen that can damage human health. The exopolysaccharides (S-EPS) produced by S. flexneri CMCC51574 were found to promote biofilm formation and virulence. In this research, the crude S-EPS produced by S. flexneri CMCC51574 were separated into three main different fractions, S-EPS 1-1, S-EPS 2-1, and S-EPS 3-1. The structure of the S-ESP 2-1 was identified by FT-IR, ion chromatography analysis, methylation analysis, and NMR analysis. The main chain of S-EPS 2-1 was α-Manp-(1 → 3)-α-Manp-[(1 → 2,6)-α-Manp]15-[(1 → 2)-Manf-(1→]8; there were two branched-chain R1 and R2 with a ratio of 4:1, R1: α-Manp-(1 → 6)- and R2: α-Manp-(1 → 6)- Glc-(1 → 6)- were linked with (1 → 2,6)-α-Manp. It was found that S-EPS 2-1 exhibited the highest promoting effect on biofilm formation of S. flexneri. The S-EPS 2-1 was identified to interact with extracellular DNA (eDNA) of S. flexneri, indicating that the S-EPS 2-1 was the specific polysaccharide in the spatial structure of biofilm formation. Our research found the important role of S-EPS in S. flexneri biofilm formation, which will help us to understand the underlining mechanisms of the biofilm formation and find effective ways to prevent S. flexneri biofilm infection.

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