Image_1_The Altered Metabolic Molecular Signatures Contribute to the RAD001 Resistance in Gastric Neuroendocrine Tumor.TIF (1.23 MB)
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Image_1_The Altered Metabolic Molecular Signatures Contribute to the RAD001 Resistance in Gastric Neuroendocrine Tumor.TIF

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posted on 21.04.2020, 04:12 authored by Jie Pan, Qi Bao, Georg Enders

Although the inhibition of mTOR is a promising treatment for neuroendocrine tumors, several questions are still open for cell specificity and resistance. With the newly characterized gastric neuroendocrine tumor mouse model (CEA424-SV40 T antigen transgenic mice), the anti-tumor efficiency of RAD001 (Everolimus) was tested both in vitro and in vivo. Tumor samples were analyzed for the expression of RNA by cDNA microarrays and also signaling pathways to get more details on the local surviving or selected cells. RAD001 treatment dramatically slowed down tumor growth and prolonged the animals' survival. This inhibitory effect has a preference for tumor cells since gastrointestinal hormone and neuroendocrine tumor specific markers were more reduced than the epithelial ones. While phosphorylation of p70S6K was almost completely blocked both in vitro and in vivo, the phosphorylation of 4EBP1 was only partially inhibited in vitro and unaffected in vivo. RAD001 treatment induced feedback activation of metabolism related pathways like PI(3)K–Akt–mTOR and MEK/ERK signalings. An induction of senescence as well as differential expression of genes responsible for metabolism was also observed, which highlighted the contribution of metabolic molecular signatures to the escape of the tumor cells from the treatment. Together, our data revealed efficient anti-tumor ability of RAD001 in a new gastric neuroendocrine tumor mouse model system and offered new insights into the clinical aspects of the incomplete elimination of tumor cells in patients treated.

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