Image_1_Synchronous Periampullary Tumors in a Patient With Pancreas Divisum and Neurofibromatosis Type 1.pdf (550.48 kB)
Download file

Image_1_Synchronous Periampullary Tumors in a Patient With Pancreas Divisum and Neurofibromatosis Type 1.pdf

Download (550.48 kB)
figure
posted on 28.04.2020, 05:10 authored by Cleandra Gregório, Clévia Rosset, Laura da Silva Alves, Cristina Brinkmann Oliveira Netto, Simone Marcia dos Santos Machado, Vivian Pierri Bersch, Alessandro Bersch Osvaldt, Patricia Ashton-Prolla
Introduction

In this study, we describe for the first time a Neurofibromatosis type 1 patient with pancreas divisum, multiple periampullary tumors and germline pathogenic variants in NF1 and CFTR genes.

Case report

A 62-year-old female NF1 patient presented with weakness, choluria, nausea, and diffuse abdominal pain to an emergency room service. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an abdominal mass involving the periampullary region and pancreas divisum. After surgical resection, three synchronous neoplasms were detected including two ampullary tumors (adenocarcinoma of the major ampulla and a neuroendocrine tumor of the minor ampulla) and a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Germline multigene panel testing (MGPT) identified two pathogenic heterozygous germline variants: NF1 c.838del and CFTR c.1210-34TG[12]T[5].

Conclusion

This is the first report of a Neurofibromatosis type 1 patient with pancreas divisum and multiple periampullary tumors harboring pathogenic germline variants in NF1 and CFTR genes. The identification of two germline variants and a developmental anomaly in this patient may explain the unusual and more severe findings and underscores the importance of comprehensive molecular analyses in patients with complex phenotypes.

History

References