Image_1_Sodium New Houttuyfonate Affects Transcriptome and Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Controlled by Quorum Sensing.tif (789.75 kB)
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posted on 02.10.2020, 14:08 by Yeye Zhao, Longfei Mei, Yuanqing Si, Jiadi Wu, Jing Shao, Tianming Wang, Guiming Yan, Changzhong Wang, Daqiang Wu

As a major opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa can produce various virulence factors and form biofilms. These processes are controlled by the quorum sensing (QS) system. Sodium new houttuyfonate (SNH) is an adduct of houttuyfonate, the main component of the common Chinese medicine plant Houttuynia cordata, which has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. We evaluated the effect of SNH on P. aeruginosa biofilms, virulence factors, and transcription. Transcriptome analysis showed that the key rhlI and pqsA genes of the P. aeruginosa QS system were down-regulated after SNH treatment. SNH reduces proteases and pyocyanin production and inhibits biofilm formation by regulating the P. aeruginosa QS system. SNH also changes the expression of genes related to virulence factors and biofilms (lasA, lasB, lecA, phzM, pqsA, and pilG). These results suggested that the mechanism of SNH against P. aeruginosa by affecting the expression of biofilm and virulence factors controlled by quorum sensing.

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