Image_1_Significance of Glomerular Immune Reactivity in Time Zero Biopsies for Allograft Survival Beyond IgA.JPEG (211.14 kB)
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Image_1_Significance of Glomerular Immune Reactivity in Time Zero Biopsies for Allograft Survival Beyond IgA.JPEG

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posted on 06.04.2021, 04:13 authored by Eva Vonbrunn, Sofya Serikova, Christoph Daniel, Kerstin Amann, Johannes Schödel, Björn Buchholz, Fulvia Ferrazzi, Katharina Heller, Hendrik Apel, Maike Büttner-Herold

The quality of a renal transplant can influence the clinical course after transplantation. Glomerular immune reactivity in renal transplants has previously been described, focusing particularly on IgA, and has been shown to disappear in most cases without affecting the outcome. Here, we describe a cohort of time zero biopsies with regard to glomerular immune reactivity and implications for histomorphology and follow-up. 204 Time zero biopsies were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for glomerular immune reactivity. Time zero and 1-year biopsies were evaluated for histomorphological changes, which, together with clinical and follow-up data, were assessed for associations with glomerular immune profiles. Nearly half of the analyzed time zero biopsies showed glomerular immune reactivity with mesangial C3 being the most common (32.9%), followed by IgA (13.7%) and fullhouse patterns (6.9%). Strong C3 deposits (C3high) were only observed in deceased transplants. In the majority of cases immune reactivity was undetectable in follow-up biopsies and had no adverse effect on transplant function in follow-up of 5 years. In kidney pairs transplanted to different recipients a strong concordance of immune profiles in both kidneys was observed. Moreover, an association of male donor sex and deceased donor transplantation with the presence of immune reactivity was observed. In conclusion, glomerular immune reactivity is a very frequent finding in time zero biopsies, which seems to be determined by donor parameters including male sex and deceased donor transplants. It had no adverse impact on transplant function in 5-year follow-up. Glomerular immune reactivity in time zero biopsies, therefore, does not appear to indicate an inferior quality of the transplant.

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