Image_1_Prognostic Role of Tumor Mutation Burden Combined With Immune Infiltrates in Skin Cutaneous Melanoma Based on Multi-Omics Analysis.tif
Tumor mutation burden (TMB) and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes have been well-recognized as molecular determinants of immunotherapeutic responsiveness in many types of cancer. However, the relationship between TMB with immune infiltrates and their prognostic role are reported occasionally in skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM). We obtained the somatic mutation data and transcriptome profiles of 454 SKCM patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and analyzed the mutation profiles using “maftools” package. Correlation analysis revealed that lower TMB levels conferred poor survival outcomes, associated with lower age and advanced pathological stage. Differential analysis was conducted to the genome expression between two TMB groups using “limma” package, and we identified four hub TMB-related immune genes including CNTFR, CRABP2, GAL, and PAEP. We further analyzed the underlying relationships of the copy number variations (CNVs) of four hub genes with immune infiltrates in SKCM microenvironment through TIMER database. The results indicated that diverse forms of CNVs carried by hub genes could commonly inhibit immune infiltrates. Based on the CIBERSORT method, we compared the proportions of 22 immune cells in two TMB groups and assessed their prognostic value. The data revealed that infiltrations levels of regulatory T (Treg) cell and dendritic activated cells in high-TMB group were lower than that in low-TMB group, while M1 and M2 macrophages showed the opposite trend, especially the levels of neutrophil and macrophage correlated positively with prognosis of SKCM. Finally, we constructed a TMB Prognostic Index (TMBPI) to evaluate the predictive accuracy of the four hub TMB-related immune genes. The ROC curve was drawn to assess the predictive accuracy with AUC = 0.664 and higher TMBPI conferred poor survival outcomes, which warranted further investigation and larger samples to validate.