Image_1_Prevalence of Pure Red Cell Aplasia Following Major ABO-Incompatible Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.tif
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is one of the important complications in major ABO-incompatible allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The established pathogenic factor of PRCA is the persistence of high anti-donor isohemagglutinins. As previously verified, the conditioning regimen and donor type were the factors associated with the development of PRCA in the small-sized studies. Currently, the prevalence, risk factors, and prognosis of PRCA are still worth studying to provide evidence.Methods
We conducted a prospective nested case-control study to determine the prevalence, donor-related factors, and the outcomes of PRCA following major ABO-incompatible transplantation. A total of 469 patients who underwent ABO-incompatible grafts were observed.Results
None of the patients were diagnosed with PRCA with minor or bidirectional ABO-incompatible HSCT. Thirteen of the187 patients (7%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9%–11.9%) developed PRCA following major ABO-incompatible HSCT. Eleven of the 13 patients with PRCA recovered entirely. Donor type was an independent factor associated with post-HSCT PRCA (odds ratio [OR]=0.030; 95% CI, 0.003–0.321; P=0.004). The cumulative incidence rates of post-HSCT PRCA in the context of major ABO-incompatible HSCT were 0.8%, 13.1%, and 27.2% for the haploidentical donor (HID), unrelated donor, and matched related donor, respectively. No significant influence of PRCA on transplantation outcomes was observed.
In conclusion, post-HSCT PRCA is a rare and less threatening complication in major ABO-incompatible HSCT. The majority of patients with PRCA could recover. Additionally, HIDs for recipients may have a low risk of post-HSCT PRCA. This trial was registered at www.chictr.org.cn (#ChiCTR2000041412).
- Transplantation Immunology
- Tumour Immunology
- Immunology not elsewhere classified
- Veterinary Immunology
- Animal Immunology
- Genetic Immunology
- Applied Immunology (incl. Antibody Engineering, Xenotransplantation and T-cell Therapies)
- Cellular Immunology
- Humoural Immunology and Immunochemistry
- Immunogenetics (incl. Genetic Immunology)
- Innate Immunity