Image_1_Pharmacological Activating Transcription Factor 6 Activation Is Beneficial for Liver Retrieval With ex vivo Normothermic Mechanical Perfusion From Cardiac Dead Donor Rats.TIF
Background: Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) could be beneficial for organ retrieval from donors after cardiac death (DCD). Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) was recently shown to mitigate liver ischemia/reperfusion injury and confer protection. The aims of this study were to assess the implication of ATF6 in liver retrieval from DCD rat livers with NMP and explore the effect of pharmacologic ATF-6 activation on liver retrieval.
Methods: The livers from DCD rats were exposed to 30 min of warm ischemia and 8 h cold preservation followed by 2 h NMP with or without an ATF6 activator in the perfusate. Perfusates and livers were harvested to detect ATF6 expression, liver function, and inflammation.
Results: DCD livers with NMP were associated with ATF6 overexpression and activation based on IHC and WB (P < 0.05). The ATF6 activator downregulated perfusate aminotransferases, decreased the Suzuki score, downregulated CD68 and MPO based on IHC, induced the expression of cytochrome c in mitochondria and inhibited the expression of cytochrome c in cytoplasm based on WB, reduced TNFα and IL-6 levels based on ELISA, decreased levels of MDA, GSSG and ATP, and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the perfused livers (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: ATF6 is important for liver retrieval, and an exogenous ATF6 activator accelerates liver retrieval from DCD rats in an ex vivo NMP model.