Image_1_PE_PGRS31-S100A9 Interaction Promotes Mycobacterial Survival in Macrophages Through the Regulation of NF-κB-TNF-α Signaling and Arachidonic Acid Metabolism.TIF
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) evades the surveillance of immune responses for survival in macrophages. However, the precise mechanism and toxins/proteins encoded by M. tb involved in the bacterial escape remain elusive. The function of Rv1768 protein (also referred to as PE_PGRS31, belonging to the PE_PGRS family) encoded by the region of deletion 14 (RD-14) in the virulent M. tb H37Rv strain has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported previously. Here, we found that Rv1768 remarkably promotes bacterial survival in macrophages. Compared to wild type (WT) H37Rv, the Rv1768 deficient strain (H37RvΔ1768) showed significantly decreased colony-forming units in the lungs, spleen, and liver of the murine M. tb infection model. The bacterial burdens of WT H37Rv in WT macrophages and C57BL/6 mice were significantly higher than those in S100A9 deficiency cells and mice, but there were no significant differences for H37RvΔRv1768. Rv1768 binds S100A9 with the proline-glutamic acid domain (PE domain) and blocks the interaction between S100A9 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and suppresses TLR4-myeloid differentiation factor 88-nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)-tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling in macrophages. Interestingly, Rv1768 binding to S100A9 also disturbs the metabolism of arachidonic acid by activating 5-lipoxygenase, increasing lipotoxin A4, and down-regulating cyclooxygenase-2 and prostaglandin E2 expression, thus, promoting mycobacterial survival. Our results revealed that M. tb Rv1768 promotes mycobacterial survival in macrophages by regulating NF-κB-TNF-α signaling and arachidonic acid metabolism via S100A9. Disturbing the interaction between Rv1768 and S100A9 may be a potential therapeutic target for tuberculosis.