Frontiers
Browse
Image_1_Morphological and Spatial Heterogeneity of Microbial Communities in Pilot-Scale Autotrophic Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge System Trea.tif (469.43 kB)

Image_1_Morphological and Spatial Heterogeneity of Microbial Communities in Pilot-Scale Autotrophic Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge System Treating Coal to Ethylene Glycol Wastewater.tif

Download (469.43 kB)
figure
posted on 2022-06-02, 05:22 authored by Fangxu Jia, Jiayi Chen, Xingcheng Zhao, Chenyu Liu, Yiran Li, Jinyuan Ma, Anming Yang, Hong Yao

The understanding of microbial compositions in different dimensions is essential to achieve the successful design and operation of the partial nitritation/anammox (PN/A) process. This study investigated the microbial communities of different sludge morphologies and spatial distribution in the one-stage PN/A process of treating real coal to ethylene glycol (CtEG) wastewater at a pilot-scale integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor. The results showed that ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) was mainly distributed in flocs (13.56 ± 3.16%), whereas anammox bacteria (AnAOB) was dominated in the biofilms (17.88 ± 8.05%). Furthermore, the dominant AnAOB genus in biofilms among the first three chambers was Candidatus Brocadia (6.46 ± 2.14% to 11.82 ± 6.33%), whereas it was unexpectedly transformed to Candidatus Kuenenia (9.47 ± 1.70%) and Candidatus Anammoxoglobus (8.56 ± 4.69%) in the last chamber. This demonstrated that the niche differentiation resulting from morphological (dissolved oxygen) and spatial heterogeneity (gradient distribution of nutrients and toxins) was the main reason for dominant bacterial distribution. Overall, this study presents more comprehensive information on the heterogeneous distribution and transformation of communities in PN/A processes, providing a theoretical basis for targeted culture and selection of microbial communities in practical engineering.

History

Usage metrics

    Frontiers in Microbiology

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC