Image_1_Metabolic Perturbations Caused by the Over-Expression of mcr-1 in Escherichia coli.pdf (223.1 kB)
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Image_1_Metabolic Perturbations Caused by the Over-Expression of mcr-1 in Escherichia coli.pdf

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posted on 09.10.2020, 04:04 authored by Yi-Yun Liu, Yan Zhu, Hasini Wickremasinghe, Phillip J. Bergen, Jing Lu, Xiao-Qing Zhu, Qiao-Li Zhou, Mohammad Azad, Sue C. Nang, Mei-Ling Han, Tao Lei, Jian Li, Jian-Hua Liu

Rapid dissemination of the plasmid-born polymyxin resistance gene mcr-1 poses a critical medical challenge. MCR-1 expression is tightly controlled and imposes a fitness cost on the bacteria. We used growth studies and metabolomics to examine growth and metabolic changes within E. coli TOP10 at 8 and 24 h in response to different levels of expression of mcr-1. Induction of mcr-1 greatly increased expression at 8 h and markedly reduced bacterial growth; membrane disruption and cell lysis were evident at this time. At 24 h, the expression of mcr-1 dramatically declined with restored growth and membrane integrity, indicating regulation of mcr-1 expression in bacteria to maintain membrane homeostasis. Intermediates of peptide and lipid biosynthesis were the most commonly affected metabolites when mcr-1 was overexpressed in E. coli. Cell wall biosynthesis was dramatically affected with the accumulation of lipids including fatty acids, glycerophospholipids and lysophosphatidylethanolamines, especially at 8 h. In contrast, levels of intermediate metabolites of peptides, amino sugars, carbohydrates and nucleotide metabolism and secondary metabolites significantly decreased. Moreover, the over-expression of mcr-1 resulted in a prolonged reduction in intermediates associated with pentose phosphate pathway and pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis. These findings indicate that over-expression of mcr-1 results in global metabolic perturbations that mainly involve disruption to the bacterial membrane, pentose phosphate pathway as well as pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis.