Image_1_LncRNA-AC009948.5 promotes invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma by binding to miR-186-5p.tif
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) has been confirmed to play a crucial role in the development and progression of various cancer types. Here we evaluated the expression profiles of LncRNAs in Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) tissues and identified a novel LncRNA, termed LncRNA-AC009948.5. However, the role and potential molecular mechanisms of this novel LncRNA in LUAD carcinogenesis is unknown.Methods
Regarding the public databases and based on integrating bioinformatics analyses, we determined whether LncRNA-AC009948.5 exerts its oncogenic functions via sponging miR-186-5p in LUAD. Furthermore, we determined whether NCAPG2 was a downstream target of miR-186-5p. Moreover, the expression level and biological function of LncRNA-AC009948.5 in LUAD were determined by qRT-PCR, cell apoptosis, Edu, transwell, wound healing and western blot assays. Besides, xenograft mice were established for validation. We explored the expression of LncRNA-AC009948.5 and its roles in the prognosis of LUAD.Results
LncRNA expression microarray data indicate that LncRNA-AC009948.5 is upregulated in LUAD samples. The present study confirmed the upregulation of LncRNA-AC009948.5 in LUAD tissues and cells. Encreased expression of LncRNA-AC009948.5 was correlated with tumor size, lymph nodes, distant metastasis and histological grade, and poor prognosis.LncRNA-AC009948.5 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, as well as tumorigenesis and metastasis in vivo. Conversely, LncRNA-AC009948.5 upregulated had opposite effects. Mechanistically, we elucidated that LncRNA-AC009948.5 could directly bind to miR-186-5p and subsequently suppress expression of the target gene of NCAPG2.Conclusions
LncRNA-AC009948.5 promotes lung adenocarcinoma cells metastasis via the miR-186-5p/NCAPG2 axis and activation of the EMT process. Which may serve as potential targets for the treatment of LUAD in the future.