Image_1_Intradural Extramedullary Nerve Sheath Myxoma of the Cervical Spine: A Case Report and Review of Literature.TIF (977.29 kB)
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posted on 07.01.2022, 04:07 authored by Fangfang Xu, Ying Jin, Qian Li, Fei Dong, Liangji Lu, Qingfeng Cui, Chao Wang

Background: Nerve sheath myxoma is a rare benign soft tissue tumor. Intraspinal nerve sheath myxomas are rare. Only 8 cases of intraspinal nerve sheath myxoma have been reported to date, and no case of nerve sheath myxoma has been reported in the cervical spinal canal. Herein, we reported the first case of intradural extramedullary nerve sheath myxoma in the cervical spinal canal of a 57-year-old man, including its complete clinical course and radiological findings.

Case Presentation: A 57-year-old male patient presented with numbness in his left finger without any obvious inducement for 3 years. CT and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine were performed. Based on the radiological examinations, a diagnosis of schwannoma was initially made. However, nerve sheath myxoma was finally confirmed by histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations. Complete tumor excision at the C1-2 level was performed. Then, the patient recovered well, and the numbness of his left finger disappeared during the later follow-up after the surgery.

Conclusion: Nerve sheath myxoma should receive diagnostic consideration for an extramedullary subdural lesion that is a clear boundary mass characterized by isointensity on T1-weighted images, heterogeneous intensity on T2-weighted images, obvious peripheral enhancement, and a growing tendency toward the intervertebral foramen.

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