Image_1_Interstitial Lung Disease and Psoriasis in a Child With Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome.jpg (1.87 MB)

Image_1_Interstitial Lung Disease and Psoriasis in a Child With Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome.jpg

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posted on 20.05.2020 by Shaoling Zheng, Pui Y. Lee, Jun Wang, Shihao Wang, Qidang Huang, Yukai Huang, Yuqi Liu, Qing Zhou, Tianwang Li

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is characterized by progressive neurologic decline, cerebral calcification, and variable manifestations of autoimmunity. Seven subtypes of AGS have been defined and aberrant activation of the type I interferon system is a common theme among these conditions. We describe a 13-year-old boy who presented with an unusual constellation of psoriasis, interstitial lung disease (ILD), and pulmonary hypertension in addition to cerebral calcifications and glomerulonephritis. He was found to have late-onset AGS due to a gain-of-function mutation in IFIH1 and over-activation of the type I interferon pathway was confirmed by RNA sequencing. The majority of his clinical manifestations, including ILD, psoriasis and renal disease improved markedly after treatment with the combination of corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, and the Janus-kinase inhibitor tofacitinib. This case extends the clinical spectrum of AGS and suggests the need for lung disease screening in patients with AGS.

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