Image_1_Integrated Analysis of the Expression Characteristics, Prognostic Value, and Immune Characteristics of PPARG in Breast Cancer.TIF
Background: Breast cancer (BRCA) is the most frequent malignancy. Identification of potential biomarkers could help to better understand and combat the disease at early stages.
Methods: We selected the overlapping genes of differential expressed genes and genes in BRCA-highly correlated modules by Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) in TCGA and GEO data and performed KEGG and GO enrichment. PPARG was achieved from Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network analysis and prognostic analysis. TIMER, UALCAN, GEO, TCGA, and western blot analysis were used to validate the expression of PPARG in BRCA. PPARG was further analyzed by DNA methylation, immune parameters, and tumor mutation burden.
Results: Among 381 overlapping genes, the lipid metabolic process was identified as highly enriched pathways in BRCA by TCGA and GEO data. When the prognostic analysis of 10 core genes by PPI network was performed, results revealed that high expression of PPARG was significantly correlated to a better prognosis. PPARG was lesser expression in BRCA according to TIMER, UALCAN, GEO, TCGA, and western blot in both mRNA level and protein level. PPARG had several high DNA methylation level sites and the methylation level is negatively correlated to expression. PPARG is also correlated to TNM stages, tumor microenvironment, and tumor burden.
Conclusions: Findings of our study identified the PPARG as a potential biomarker by confirming its low expression in BRCA and its correlation to prognosis. Moreover, its correlation to DNA methylation and tumor microenvironment may guide new therapeutic strategies for BRCA patients.
Read the peer-reviewed publication
- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Livestock Cloning
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering