Image_1_Increased CDC6 Expression Associates With Poor Prognosis in Patients With Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.tif
CDC6 (Cell division control protein 6), located at chromosome 17q21.3, plays an important role in the early stage of DNA replication and has unique functions in various malignant tumors. Here, we evaluate the relationship between CDC6 expression and oncology outcomes in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).Methods
A retrospective analysis of 118 ccRCC patients in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from 2015 to 2017 was performed. Triplicate tissue microarrays (TMA) were prepared from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was conducted to evaluate the relationship between CDC6 expression and standard pathological features and prognosis. The RNA sequencing data and corresponding clinical information were acquired from the TCGA database. GSEA was used to identify signal pathways related to CDC6. Cox regression analysis was used to assess independent prognostic factors. In addition, the relationship between CDC6 and immunity was also investigated.Results
The results of Kaplan–Meier curve indicated that the OS of the patients with high expression of CDC6 was shorter than that of the patients with low CDC6 expression. Integrating the TCGA database and IHC staining, the results showed that CDC6 in ccRCC tissue was obviously up-regulated compared with adjacent normal kidney tissue. The results of Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that ccRCC patients with high expression of CDC6 are more likely to develop advanced disease than ccRCC patients with low CDC6 expression. The results of GSEA showed that the high expression of CDC6 was related to multiple signaling pathways. As for immunity, it was also related to TMB, immune checkpoint molecules, tumor microenvironment and immune infiltration. There were significantly correlations with CDC6 and immune cell infiltration levels and tumor microenvironment. The results of further results of the TCGA database showed that CDC6 was obviously related to immune checkpoint molecules and immune cells.Conclusions
Increased expression of CDC6 is a potentially prognostic factor of poor prognosis in ccRCC patients.