Image_1_Immunodeficiency Promotes Adaptive Alterations of Host Gut Microbiome: An Observational Metagenomic Study in Mice.pdf (1.41 MB)

Image_1_Immunodeficiency Promotes Adaptive Alterations of Host Gut Microbiome: An Observational Metagenomic Study in Mice.pdf

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posted on 06.11.2019, 15:18 by Shuyu Zheng, Tingting Zhao, Shuijuan Yuan, Lingyu Yang, Jinmei Ding, Li Cui, Mingqing Xu

The crosstalk between the gut microbiota and immune state of the host is an essential focus in academia and clinics. To explore the dynamic role of the microbiota in response to immune deficiency, we comprehensively assessed the microbiome of 90 mouse fecal samples, across three time points including two immunodeficiency models, namely severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice and non-obese diabetic SCID (NOD/SCID) mice, with BALB/cA as a control strain. Metagenomic analysis revealed a decrease in alpha diversity and the existence of a clear structural separation in the microbiota of immunodeficient mice. Although nuances exist between SCID and NOD/SCID mice, an increase in the protective microbiota, in particular Lactobacillus, contributed the most to the discrimination of immunodeficient and control mice. Further data regarding the red blood cell (RBC) concentration and serum IgA level during different stages of development support the concept of the microbiota alleviating the advancement of immune deficiency, which is called microbial compensation. Taken together, these results demonstrate the dynamic impact of immunodeficiency on the gut microbiota and the adaptive alteration of the microbiota that may influence the host state.

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