Image_1_Identification of an EMT-Related Gene Signature for Predicting Overall Survival in Gastric Cancer.TIF (339.17 kB)

Image_1_Identification of an EMT-Related Gene Signature for Predicting Overall Survival in Gastric Cancer.TIF

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posted on 2021-06-24, 05:51 authored by Weiyu Dai, Yizhi Xiao, Weimei Tang, Jiaying Li, Linjie Hong, Jieming Zhang, Miaomiao Pei, Jianjiao Lin, Side Liu, Xiaosheng Wu, Li Xiang, Jide Wang

It has been widely reported that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with malignant progression in gastric cancer (GC). Integration of the molecules related to EMT for predicting overall survival (OS) is meaningful for understanding the role of EMT in GC. Here, we aimed to establish an EMT-related gene signature in GC.


Transcriptional profiles and clinical data of GC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We constructed EMT-related gene signature for predicting OS by using univariate Cox regression and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analyses. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC), Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed to assess its predictive value. A nomogram combining the prognostic signature with clinical characteristics for OS prediction was established. And its predictive power was estimated by concordance index (C-index), time-dependent ROC curve, calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). GSE62254 dataset from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) was used for external validation. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detected the mRNA expression of the five EMT-related genes in human normal gastric mucosal and GC cell lines. To further understand the potential mechanisms of the signature, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), pathway enrichment analysis, predictions of transcription factors (TFs)/miRNAs were performed.


A novel EMT-related gene signature (including ITGAV, DAB2, SERPINE1, MATN3, PLOD2) was constructed for OS prediction of GC. With external validation, ROC curves indicated the signature’s good performance. Patients stratified into high- and low-risk groups based on the signature yielded significantly different prognosis. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression suggested that the signature was an independent prognostic variable. Nomogram for prognostication including the signature presented better predictive accuracy and clinical usefulness than the similar model without risk score to some extent with external validation. The qRT-PCR assays suggested that high expression of the five EMT-related genes could be found in human GC cell lines compared with normal gastric mucosal cell line. GSEA and pathway enrichment analysis revealed that focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interaction might be the two important pathways to the signature.


Our EMT-related gene signature may have practical application as an independent prognostic factor in GC.