Image_1_Identification of Potential miRNA-mRNA Regulatory Network Contributing to Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM).TIF
Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a myocardial disease with unidentified pathogenesis. Increasing evidence indicated the potential role of microRNA (miRNA)-mRNA regulatory network in disease development. This study aimed to explore the miRNA-mRNA axis in HCM.
Methods: The miRNA and mRNA expression profiles obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and genes (DEGs) between HCM and normal samples. Target genes of DEMs were determined by miRTarBase. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were conducted to identify biological functions of the DEGs and DEMs. miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed to identify the hub genes and miRNAs. Logistic regression model for HCM prediction was established basing on the network.
Results: A total of 224 upregulated and 366 downregulated DEGs and 10 upregulated and 14 downregulated DEMs were determined. We identified 384 DEM-targeted genes, and 20 of them were overlapped with the DEGs. The enriched functions include extracellular structure organization, organ growth, and phagosome and melanoma pathways. The four miRNAs and three mRNAs, including hsa-miR-373, hsa-miR-371-3p, hsa-miR-34b, hsa-miR-452, ARHGDIA, SEC61A1, and MYC, were identified through miRNA-mRNA regulatory network to construct the logistic regression model. The area under curve (AUC) values over 0.9 suggested the good performance of the model.
Conclusion: The potential miRNA-mRNA regulatory network and established logistic regression model in our study may provide promising diagnostic methods for HCM.