Image_1_HILPDA Is a Prognostic Biomarker and Correlates With Macrophage Infiltration in Pan-Cancer.jpg
Background: The protein hypoxia-inducible lipid droplet-associated (HILPDA) is differentially expressed in various tumors. However, its role and correlation with immune cell infiltration in most tumors remain unclear.
Methods: HILPDA expression was analyzed in pan-cancer data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The influence of HILPDA in clinical prognosis was evaluated using clinical survival data from TCGA. Enrichment analysis of HILPDA was conducted using the R package “clusterProfiler.” We downloaded the immune cell infiltration score of TCGA samples from published articles and analyzed the correlation between the magnitude of immune cell infiltration and HILPDA expression.
Results: HILPDA was highly expressed and associated with worse overall survival, disease-specific survival, and progression-free interval in most tumor types. In addition, HILPDA expression was significantly associated with the glycolysis pathway and infiltration of immune cells. Tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) infiltration increased in tissues with high HILPDA expression in most tumor types. Immunosuppressive genes, such as PD-L1, PD-1, TGFB1, and TGFBR1 were positively correlated with HILPDA.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that HILPDA is a marker of poor prognosis. High HILPDA may contribute to TAM infiltration and be associated with tumor immunosuppression status.