Image_1_EEG Patterns Orienting to Lafora Disease Diagnosis—A Case Report in Two Beagles.JPEG (290.44 kB)

Image_1_EEG Patterns Orienting to Lafora Disease Diagnosis—A Case Report in Two Beagles.JPEG

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posted on 05.11.2020, 05:49 by Helga Demeny, Bogdan Florea, Flaviu Tabaran, Cecilia Gabriella Danciu, Laurent Ognean

Lafora Disease (LD) is a rare, fatal, late-onset, progressive form of myoclonic epilepsy, occurring in humans and dogs. Clinical manifestations of LD usually include seizures, spontaneous and reflex myoclonus with contractions of the neck and limb muscles. We studied the electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns of two beagles in whom LD was subsequently confirmed by genetic testing. In both cases, the EEG recordings, accompanied by electromyography (EMG), have shown similar uncommon patterns. The hypovoltaged background rhythm was interrupted by waxing “crescendo” polyspikes-slow wave complexes appearing 80–250 ms after the start of intermittent photic stimulation, followed by myoclonic jerks after 80–150 ms. This study highlights the value of EEG in establishing a presumptive diagnosis of LD in dogs.

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