Image_1_Comprehensive Characterization of Integrin Subunit Genes in Human Cancers.pdf
Although integrin subunit genes (ITGs) have been reported to be associated with some human cancer types, a systematic assessment of ITGs across human cancers is lacking. Hence, we performed comprehensive analyses to investigate mRNA expression, copy number variation (CNV), DNA methylation, mutation, and clinical landscapes of ITGs in more than 8000 cancer patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Landscapes of ITGs were established across 20 human cancer types. We observed that ITGs are extensively dysregulated with heterogeneity in different system cancer types, part of which are driven by CNV, DNA hypomethylation or mutation. Furthermore, dysregulated prognosis-related ITGs were systematically identified in each cancer type, including ITGA11 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD). The models based on dysregulated ITGs with clinical relevance and TNM staging indexes are good indicators in STAD and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Finally, ITGA11 is overexpressed and associated with poor survival in STAD cases from the TCGA and additionally Gene Expression Omnibus cohorts. Functionally, ITGA11 knockdown inhibits malignant phenotypes in STAD cell lines AGS and MKN45, demonstrating the oncogenic role of ITGA11 in STAD. Together, this study highlights the important roles of ITGs in tumorigenesis as potential prognostic biomarkers, and provide an effective resource that identifies cancer-related genes of ITGs in human cancers.