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posted on 01.04.2021, 04:38 by Miaomiao Wu, Jennifer M. Rowe, Sherry D. Fleming

Intestinal ischemia reperfusion (IR)-induced tissue injury represents an acute inflammatory response with significant morbidity and mortality. The mechanism of IR-induced injury is not fully elucidated, but recent studies suggest a critical role for complement activation and for differences between sexes. To test the hypothesis that complement initiation differs by sex in intestinal IR, we performed intestinal IR on male and female WT C57B6L/, C1q-/-, MBL-/-, or properdin (P)-/- mice. Intestinal injury, C3b and C5a production and ex vivo secretions were analyzed. Initial studies demonstrated a difference in complement mRNA and protein in male and female WT mice. In response to IR, male C1q-, MBL- and P-deficient mice sustained less injury than male WT mice. In contrast, only female MBL-/- mice sustained significantly less injury than female wildtype mice. Importantly, wildtype, C1q-/- and P-/- female mice sustained significant less injury than the corresponding male mice. In addition, both C1q and MBL expression and deposition increased in WT male mice, while only elevated MBL expression and deposition occurred in WT female mice. These data suggested that males use both C1q and MBL pathways, while females tend to depend on lectin pathway during intestinal IR. Females produced significantly less serum C5a in MBL-/- and P-/- mice. Our findings suggested that complement activation plays a critical role in intestinal IR in a sex-dependent manner.

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